word ‘Yog’ has been used in Vedas,
Upanishads, Gita and mythological scriptures etc. since times. It
is a very important term in the Indian context, be it in devotion,
self-realization or in the day-to-day work arena, Yog deals extensively
with every aspect of our life according to these classics.
Maharshi patanjali define ‘Yog’ as ‘Chittavritti
Nirodh’ (eradication of negative moods) Praman (Fact), Viparay
(Transposition), Vikalp (Alternate Option), Nidra (Sleep) and Smriti
(Memory) are the five moods. With the practice of Yog with dedication
and devotion one eliminates these negative moods and the mind finds
solace in merging with the soul – This is Yog.Maharshi Vyas
describes Yog as Samadhi. The Sanskrit grammar shows that Yog is
derived from the root ‘Yuj’. In short we can say that
the controlled practices which result in the meeting of Atma and
Param-atma (Soul and the supreme soul) is Yog.
The Sages believe that sole purpose of Yog is to merge with Supreme
Soul. When one eradicates all negative emotions by following yog,
the detachment to momentary emotions and moods follows and control
of one’s life is achieved. The mind has five phases Kshipta.
Mudha, Vikshipta, Ekagra and Nirudha. The first three phases are
not capable of reaching the high state of Samadhi. The fourth and
fifth phase of mind enables one to reach a state, wherein one loses
the bondage of Karma and one can attain Sampradyat Samadhi and Asampradnyat
When Samadhi is obtained with the help of an object or idea (that
is, by fixing one’s thought on a point in space or on an idea),
the stasis is called samprajnata Samadhi (‘enstasis with support,’
or ‘differentiated enstasis’). When, one the other hand,
Samadhi is obtained apart from any ‘relation’ (whether
external or mental) that is when one obtains a ‘conjunction’
into which no otherness’ enters, but which is simply a full
comprehension of being one has realized asamprajnata-samadhi (‘undifferentiated
Indian Literature has a unique place of honour for ‘The Bhagvadgita’.
Contemporary saints of India have spread the message of Karmyog
from Gita to theentire world.
Types of Yog :
four types of Yog stated below have been described in the classic
of ‘Dattatreya Yoga- Sutra’ and ‘Yog-raj Upanishad’.
The characteristics of each type of Yog have been thus described
in the elementary ‘Yog Tattvopanishad’.
- Mantra Yog comprises of the chanting of the Matrukadi Mantra
systematically over 12 years, which gives you ‘Anima’,
it is Minutenes (This is the power which the yogi possesses to
become as an atom, to identify himself with the smallest part
of the universe, knowing the self in that atom to be one with
himself. This is due to the fact that the anima mundi, or soul
of the world, is universally spread throughout all spects of divine
life) and other spiritual pwers.
- Laya Yog is constantly remembering God all the time, while
performing daily activities.
- Hatha Yog comprise the practices of various asana’s, mudras,
pranayama and Kriyas for the purification of the body and concentration
of the mind.
- Raja Yog comprises the observane of Yama (self-restraint, Niyama
(scriptural prescription) etc which help to purify the mind, intellect
and thereby elighten the soul(The meaning of the word ‘raja’
in Raja Yog, is ‘to illuminate’ or ‘to brighten’
(‘rajru diptou’) and meaning of ‘Yoga’
is Samadhi or trandental meditation. The Gita embodies the detailed
analysis of Dhyana Yaga Sankhya Yog and karma Yog. In the 5th
chapter of ‘The Bhagvadguta’ Karmyog, is conscribing
the Ashtang Yog in the Yog-Sutra. When one looks into the classics
of Yog to know the secrets, one arrives at the conclusion that
methods and processes which are used for attaining spirituality
and devotion may be categorized as Yog.
Effects of Yog on the Body
gives an insight to know more about the self. The dormant inner
powers blossom to give complete bliss and an introduction to the
true self. It enables one to meet the supreme soul and attain complete
bliss. Indian sages have prescribed many methods to achieve this
goal. W e will mainly follow the asana’s and Pranayama’s
given in Ashtang yog (Yam, Niyam, Asan, Pranayam, Pratyahar, Dharana,
Dhyan and samadhi) or the eight main aspects of Yog. We will also
the six supporting actions or shatkarma’s or Hath yog.
Practicing Yog revives our dormant energy. These exercises rejuvenate
tissues and help new cell formation. Light Yogic exercises reactivate
the nervous system, and regulate the blood circulation. They reinstate
fresh energy in the body. According to the laws of physiology, when
the body contracts and expands, energy is developed and diseases
get cured. This can be achieved with the help of different Yogic
asanas. With the practice of pranayamas and asanas, the glands and
muscles of the body contract and expand, and diseases get cured
Yog also keeps the veins healthy. The pancreas become active and
produces insulin in the right quantity, which helps in curing diabetes
and related diseases. Health is directly linked with the digestive
system. The improper functioning of the digestive system is the
prime cause for most of the diseases. Even some serious problems
like heart disease occur due to a faulty digestive system. Yog strengthens
the entire digestion process, making every part of the body healthy,
and active. Fresh air enters the lungs making them healthier which
keeps diseases like asthma, respiratory problems, allergy etc away
Fresh air also strengthens the heart. Yogic exercises dissolve the
fat deposits which make the body light, healthy and attractive.
Yog is beneficial for thin and lean physique as well.
Along with physical fitness, Yog also affects the subtle senses,
the intellect and the mind. Yog controls the working of organs and
helps the mind to detach itself. The follower of Ashtang Yog passes
with great ease from the darkness the supreme soul. ‘Tada
Drashtuh Swaroope, Vsthanam’. Thus we can embark ont eh pathe
of Yog and experience the inner happiness of connecting with the
Supreme Being and attain physical, mental, intellectual and spiritual
Daily routine of a healthy person
Good health is the key to happiness. Health is wealth. But who
is healthy? Sage Sushruta writes in the Ayurveda text ‘Sushrut
“ Samdoshah Samagnishch
Prasnnatmendriymanah Swasth itymidhiyale ”
This means, for a person who has all the
three doshas – Vat, Pitta and Kapha in equilibrium, the agni(power
of digestion) of the stomach is normal (neither very high). The
seven substances or dhatus in body, Rasa (blood) Masa (tissues),
Med (Fat), Asthi (bones), the ten senses (ears, nose, eyes, skin,
taste, rectum, genital organs, hands, legs and tongue),the mind
and their ruler i.e. the soul remain happy. Such a person is said
to be healthy. Sage Sushrut has given a broad and scientific definition
to the word health. Said to be healthy. Sage Sushrut has given a
broad and scientific definition to the word health. Maharshi Charak
has stated that the three pillars to attain this health are diet,
sleep and celibacy.
“ Trayopstambha Aharnidrabramacharyamiti
These are the three pillars on which the
whole body rests.
Yogeshwar shri Krishna says in Giga:
Yuktaswapnavhodhsya Yoga bhawati dukha ”
(The Bhagavadgita 6:17)
One whose diet, thoughts and behavior are
balanced and controlled and whose deeds have divinity, who has a
pious mind desires auspicious things, whose sleep and awakening
is regular, he is the true Yogi.